I am very fond of you children, and I feel responsible for your welfare.
— Justice Strauss to the Baudelaires

Justice Strauss is a high court judge who lives right across from Count Olaf's house. "Justice" is a title and not her first name; her first name is unknown.

In The Bad Beginning, she desires to become the Baudelaires' guardian which they accept, but she is unable to adopt them because the Baudelaires' parents will says that they must live with their "closest relative".


I'm afraid this dreadful nonsense is the law.
— Justice Strauss, regarding Violet's marriage to Count Olaf
Justice Strauss is a kind and well-intentioned woman. She is seen inviting the Baudelaires to spend time with her, allows them to borrow and read books from her library, and desired to adopt them.

However, like many of the adults in the series, she is a flawed person. A major flaw is that, like many adults in the series, she is ridiculously pedantic and follows the law and "authority" figures to pedantic extremism, even when it is totally absurd to do so. For example, she actually (albeit reluctantly) condones Violet's marriage to Olaf in a play because it technically follows the law, even after learning that it was so Olaf could get the Baudelaire fortune and she married him under duress as Sunny would die. Later, she refuses to flee from a burning hotel because, in her eyes, it is "criminal behavior" to flee from the scene of a crime, disregarding if the crime scene is endangering and could kill someone, which may have resulted in her death in the book canon. In the TV series, a frustrated Violet tells her that just because something is the law and legal, it does not necessarily make it just or morally right. Another flaw that she possesses is that she is oblivious when it comes to Olaf abusing the children; she is not suspicious enough of him and dismisses the red flags.

She is slightly more intelligent than the other adults, as she was able to discover VFD and knew more about Olaf’s crimes than the rest. Justice Strauss, feeling guilty that she failed the Baudelaires the first time, searches for them in all the places they went and along the way, created a book filled with the evidence and proof they needed to put Count Olaf in jail. Sometime during her travels, Justice Strauss poses as ‘J.S.’ and signaled all VFD members and witnesses in the unfortunate series to come to the Hotel Denouement, so she could give a proper trial for Count Olaf and finally lock him away behind bars. It also seems that she still wished to adopt the Baudelaires, once again proving her love for them. However, her noble intention failed, and was forced to acknowledge the crimes the Baudelaires had also committed (even though they weren’t committed with malicious intent), although she was obviously no happier about it than the Baudelaires were. She was crestfallen when the children reluctantly refused to leave with her.

In the TV series divergent, Justice Strauss is confirmed to make it out of the hotel alive, guilty and remorseful for failing to help the Baudelaires once again, handed over a picture of the children to Lemony Snicket, saying it was too painful to hold onto. It is likely that she was since then burdened with that guilt. It is unclear if she was able to reunite with the Baudelaires again after they escaped the Island.


Early Life

As a young woman, Justice Strauss stole horses until she realized the error of her ways. No longer a horse thief, she went on to become a judge in the city's High Court. She was on the high court with the Man with a Beard but No Hair and Woman with Hair but No Beard for many years.

According to the Netflix series, before she became a judge, she always wanted to be an actress and a mother. However, she had a series of strained platonic relationships instead.

Justice Strauss lives in a lovely house that boasts well-cleaned bricks and many well-groomed plants, as well as a large collection of books in her library; a stark contrast to her next-door neighbor Count Olaf's dirty, dilapidated house.

The Bad Beginning

Justice Strauss meets the Baudelaires

Justice Strauss meets the Baudelaires.

She is the first person to greet Mr. Poe and the Baudelaires (Violet, Klaus, and Sunny) when they arrive at their new guardian's neighborhood. She comes across as firm, warm, and very kind, and invites the children to come over and help with her gardening. The children mistake her for Count Olaf's wife, but she explains that he's just a neighbor that she doesn't know very well, and directs them to his house. The Baudelaires take a liking to her as soon as they meet and begin to wish they lived with her instead of Olaf after Olaf begins abusing them.

After a couple of weeks, at the time when the orphans are ordered to cook for Count Olaf's entire theatre troupe, Justice Strauss goes over to Count Olaf's house to see how the children are getting along. She says to them that she would have liked to come over sooner, but a difficult case involving a poisonous plant and the illegal use of someone's credit card was taking up much of her time. They ask to borrow a cookbook from her and are delighted to discover her cozy private library. Not only does she help them find a cookbook containing the recipe for puttanesca sauce, but she also escorts them to the market to find all the ingredients the children need. She thinks it odd that her neighbor would ask his adopted children to prepare such an enormous meal, but brushes the thought aside and invites the Baudelaires to come over to her home again and make use of her library.

The next day, after a particularly horrible night at Count Olaf's, the children seek the refuge of Justice Strauss's library and choose books on mechanical inventions, North American wolves, and teeth to borrow.

Sometime later, Justice Strauss is asked to perform as the judge in Count Olaf's play, The Marvelous Marriage. Certain Count Olaf is up to something dreadful in order to get their fortune, the Baudelaires visit Justice Strauss's library and try to read through the long, dull, and difficult books on inheritance law that she owns. Justice Strauss can't fathom why they would want to read such books, as even she doesn't like reading them and she works in law. Knowing Sunny can't possibly be interested in such reading material, Justice Strauss asks to have her help with the gardening. Sunny's siblings agree and ask that the judge prevent Sunny from eating any dirt. Justice Strauss replies, "Of course. We wouldn't want her to be sick for the big performance." Dismayed, the children find out that she's wanted to perform on stage ever since she was a little girl and is completely starstruck.

Back in his room, Klaus uses a book he swiped from his favorite neighbor's library -Inheritance Law and its Implications- to figure out that Count Olaf plans to marry Violet for real in his dreadful play. If he becomes Violet's legal husband, he can legally control her entire fortune. 

The night of the play, Justice Strauss is dressed in her black judge's robe and powdered wig. Count Olaf has convinced her to bring a real law book and read straight from the real wedding ceremony, to make the play as realistic as possible. The children try to persuade her into changing her lines around a bit, but the High Court judge believes it would be best to listen to Count Olaf, who after all is in charge. She then reports to the makeup artist, dreamy at the prospect of getting powders and creams smeared on her face. During the first play she's ever acted in, she performs her part perfectly with starry eyes and a flushed face.

The Marvellous Marriage Certificate

Justice Strauss confused by the legality of Olaf's plan.

As soon as Violet signs the marriage contract the Justice hands her, Count Olaf reveals his plan to the entire audience. Justice Strauss is horrified and shocked, she argues that the contract is just a stage prop, but Olaf tells her that if she looks at it closely, she can see it is an official document from City Hall. Justice Strauss closes her eyes and furrows her brow, thinking hard; an expression she often has when serving on the High Court. Regretfully, she confirms that Olaf's marriage to Violet is perfectly valid. She begins to cry, ashamed that she was tricked so easily and sickened that she has unknowingly aided in harming the Baudelaires, whom she cares about very much. She thinks she has no choice but to agree with Count Olaf and thinks the situation is hopeless.

Luckily, she is proven wrong when Violet explains that she signed with her non-dominant hand. Wiping away her tears, Justice Strauss thinks hard and carefully agrees that Violet did not sign the document in her own hand, and therefore the signature does not fulfill the requirements of the nuptial laws. She declares that Violet is not a countess and Olaf is not in control of the Baudelaire fortune.

Mr. Poe, completely outraged, tells Count Olaf that he will not allow him to continue caring for the Baudelaire children any longer. Count Olaf argues that there is nothing illegal about trying to marry someone, but Justice Strauss counters that there is something illegal about dangling an infant out of a tower window. Count Olaf had stuffed Sunny in a birdcage outside atop his tower to ensure Violet would go through with The Marvelous Marriage. Before Violet explained what hand she had used to sign, Count Olaf had allowed one of his henchmen to bring Sunny down to where the play was being held, revealing to everyone that he had kept her in a birdcage all this time.

As that is horribly illegal, Justice Strauss announces that Count Olaf will go to jail and she will become the guardian of the Baudelaires. The children are delighted at the idea of living with Justice Strauss and can't wait to work in her wonderful garden and read in her library every day, but unfortunately, it was not to be. Count Olaf's henchpeople turn off the stage lights and they escape under a cover of darkness.

Mr. Poe regretfully informs the Baudelaires that he cannot allow them to be raised by someone who is not a relative, as that would violate the specifications of the Baudelaire parents' will. Justice Strauss sadly hugs each of the Baudelaires and agrees that Mr. Poe must respect the parents' wishes. Her eyes begin to fill with tears and says that she'll miss the Baudelaires very much, and gives them all one last embrace before they climb into Mr. Poe's car. As they drive away, they look back to see the judge crying and waving goodbye.

Between The Bad Beginning and The Penultimate Peril

Elder sam with J. Strauss

Justice Strauss trying to find the Baudelaires.

As soon as the Baudelaires were driven away, she knew she had done the wrong thing. She began searching for the Baudelaires after the news of the death of Montgomery Montgomery. Later, she says she did so "if only to say how sorry I was", but she may have also hoped to finally gain custody of them.

Eventually, she found other people who were also trying to "battle the wicked villains of this world" as she puts it. She has been researching the Baudelaire case and attempts to bring Count Olaf to justice.

The Penultimate Peril

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Justice Strauss being abducted by Olaf.

Justice Strauss arrives at the Hotel Denouement by taxi at the same time as Jerome Squalor. They encounter the Baudelaires and are very apologetic, although the five of them become entangled in urgent matters. Strauss is present when Dewey Denouement dies. She tells Esmé Squalor that when she was her age, she had been a horse thief for years before realizing it was the wrong thing to do in order to convince Esmé to be a better human being.

During the trial of Olaf and the Baudelaires, her two fellow High Court judges turn out to be Olaf's associates, the Man With a Beard But No Hair and the Woman With Hair But No Beard. Olaf kidnaps Justice Strauss and threatens to harm her unless the Baudelaires open the Vernacularly Fastened Door leading to the laundry room of the Hotel Denouement. Klaus opens the door, but the sugar bowl Olaf is looking for is not inside, and Olaf ascends to the roof to escape after setting fire to the hotel.


Justice Strauss begging the Baudelaires to stay with her.

Justice Strauss and the Baudelaires follow Olaf to the roof where a boat is, which they could push off the roof and drop into the nearby sea. Although the Baudelaires try to convince Justice Strauss board the boat, she is reluctant because she doesn't want to run away from the scene of a crime as it is "criminal behavior", despite that the hotel is on fire and they could all die. She attempts to prevent the escape of Count Olaf, Violet, Klaus, and Sunny by holding their boat, but Sunny bites her hand so that she lets go. It is unknown if she survives the hotel fire.


Justice Strauss's role is much more minor in the film. She only appears for about 30 seconds near the beginning and a few minutes near the end during the play. The Baudelaires never visit her house even once, and the whole part where she offers to adopt the Baudelaires after the play is omitted.

This is somewhat rectified in the video game adaptation of the film, where the Baudelaires visit her, although she does not have an important role in the video game either.

TV series

The TV series is much more faithful to the book. Justice Strauss is given more screen time, and the Baudelaires visit her, and she offers to adopt them after the play. One deviance from the book is that during the play, Justice Strauss is struck with stage fright, and delivers her lines extremely awkwardly and nervously.


Justice Strauss on a trolley ride with the Baudelaires.

There is an additional scene of Justice Strauss taking the Baudelaires on a trolley ride to find ingredients for Olaf's dinner. She mentions she had dreams of being an actress and a mother, but instead, found herself in a series of strained platonic relationships instead. She tells them what the definition of a "mitzvah" is and mentions that after all of their suffering, the Baudelaires deserve to be in a happy family with her.


Justice Strauss searching for the Baudelaires.

It is later revealed that she searched for the Baudelaires everywhere by tram, but never found them. Justice Strauss found a library book, The Incomplete History of Secret Organizations, and learned all about V.F.D. She figured if she could gather V.F.D., the witnesses of Olaf's crimes and Olaf inviting them to Hotel Denouement, she could imprison him. She received help from Jerome and Jacquelyn Scieszka and compiled a book of evidence against Olaf titled Odious Lusting After Finance. This means that Justice Strauss is the J.S. who invited everyone to the Hotel Denouement.


Justice Strauss giving Lemony her photo of the Baudelaires because it is too painful to keep.

In The Penultimate Peril, Justice Strauss is confirmed to survive the Hotel Denouement fire, having managed to get to the ground in time. She is outside miserably watching the building burn when Lemony Snicket arrives and asks what happened to the Baudelaires: she sadly reports their escape and laments that she had failed to keep them safe once more. Snicket notices a photo she has of the children and asks if he could take it. She hands it over, claiming it is too painful for her to keep it, but remarks there is not much Snicket can do with it as all evidence and knowledge of their adventures went up in flames, unaware that Snicket is about to start his own mission to piece together the Baudelaire's story.

Behind the scenes


TV series

  • "A library is like an island in a vast sea of ignorance."
  • "Let me think... I don't know. You should never be afraid to admit that you don't know something. This is a very complicated case. It would take a formidable legal scholar to solve it." (asked whether Violet's marriage to Count Olaf is legal)
  • "ENOUGH! This trial is about the Baudelaires, not some mysterious event that happened in the past!"
  • "That may be so, but I can still give you a home. I can keep you safe! I've been following you for so long, and you've always been out of my grasp, but I have you now and I won't let you go!"


Bs justice portrait

The framed man.

  • She is one of the multiple characters with the initials J.S.
  • There is a photo of a framed man (Barry Sonnenfeld) in her library. It is unclear if this is supposed to be her father, a friend, or someone unimportant.
  • In the French version, her full name is Judith "Judy" Sibyl Abbott.





Video game

TV series


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